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Acid-free paper: Paper that contains little or no acid to prevent yellowing from age.

Bar Code: Lines of varying width contained in a small box, typically found on the back cover of a book (and other products). An optical scanner reads the lines to identify the product’s retail price, while managing inventory for that title.

Binding: The method used to hold the book’s signatures (pages) together. For instance, saddle stitch, wire-o, perfect bound, case bound, etc.

BLAD (Book Layout and Design):  A brochure about a forthcoming book used to generate advance sales and media interest. Typically 4-8 pages long, it displays the cover, a sampling of the interior design and a description about the book and author. It also includes the book’s specifications, publication date, contact and ordering information.

Blurb: A brief, compelling description about a book, often found either on the back or the flaps of the book.

Camera Ready Copy: It is the final layout of the book and/or cover.

Colour Balance: It is the proper intensity of colours to achieve the desired visual result when printing a book.

Colour Bar (Colour Guide): Printed on the edge of press sheets, these guides are used by the press operator to adjust colour variations prior to and during the printing process.

Colour Correct: Colour correction means to adjust the processed colours on press to achieve the desired visual result.

Colour Separation: Decomposed colour films used to print the individual colours that comprises an image or graphic.

Content Editing: A content editor strengthens the authorial voice and addresses organisation, completeness and the overall quality of the writing.

Copyediting: A copyeditor addresses the author’s voice as well as grammar, punctuation, spelling and consistency.

Die-cut: A special shaped tool used to shape or cut paper and other materials.

Digital proofs: These are made from electronic book files prior to colour separations.

ISBN (International Standard Book Number): An ISBN is your publishing ‘social security number’. It is a 13-digit number that identifies your book or audiobook and your status as a publisher.

Opacity: It is the amount one can see through a sheet of paper.

P-CIP (Publisher’s – Cataloging in Publishing): The P-CIP is a block of descriptive information, typeset in a specific format, that is found on the copyright page of a book. P-CIP is used in libraries to catalogue books for reference purposes. Generally speaking, P-CIP is for self-published authors where CIP is for established publishers. P-CIP is often typeset for a fee by a third party.

Remainder: Remainders are a publisher’s excess stock or slightly damaged books. They are often sold to a third party remainder dealer on the retail price. Remainder dealers then sell quantities of the books to various retailers. CIROBE is the largest trade show for remainder dealers.

Resolution: It is the quality of an image measured by its DPI (Dots Per Inch).

Royalty: A royalty is a percentage of a publisher’s sales of a book that is paid to its author. 7-9% is a typical royalty on the ‘net receipts’ (the amount the publisher actually receives).

Run On: It is the number of copies printed over the requested amount. 5% overrun is typical. They are priced less per unit than the main print run.

Saddle Stitch: It is a book binding method utilizing staples.

Subsidiary Rights: These are found in publishing contracts. They include foreign language, paperback, audio, book club, serial rights and other rights. ‘First serial rights’ are for before the book is published. ‘Second serial rights’ follows publicati0n.

Subsidy Publishing: It is the sharing of publishing costs between the author and the publisher. Arrangements include dividing responsibilities for the various services to the author being required to purchase a number of copies.

Woodfree: Woodfree is paper that is made from chemical pulp. The process involves the chemical breakdown of wood fibers to change the paper’s characteristics to reduce yellowing.



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